A MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) Solar Charge Controller is an advanced type of solar controller. They are designed to help solar panels charge one or more batteries at maximum efficiency, as well as protect the batteries from damage to ensure the longest possible service life.
What Are Solar Controllers?
Solar panels convert sunlight into electricity. That electricity is then stored in on or more batteries. The household (or vehicle, appliance, etc.) runs off of the batteries, rather than directly from the solar panels. This ensures that a solar power system can still provide a steady flow of electricity to the home during spells of cloudy weather, or even at night when the sun is no longer in the skies.
Batteries, however, can be damaged by being overcharged. At the very least, it can wear out the battery and reduce its operational lifespan. In a worst-case scenario, overcharging can even cause a battery to explode and start fires.
All solar controllers shut off the flow of electricity from the solar panels to the battery once the battery is fully charged. For basic, inexpensive solar controllers, this is their only function. More advanced solar controllers, however, can do much more. If a solar power system is hooked up to a bank of batteries, for example, can distribute the flow of electricity so that all the batteries and drained and recharged evenly.
What Does a MPPT Solar Charge Controller Do?
First, a MPPT solar controller is designed for maximum compatibility-it will work with almost all photovoltaic solar panels. Second, it helps the solar panels operate at peak efficiency by reducing the amount electricity lost in the transfer to the batteries. A typical MPPT charge controller generally transfers electricity at between 93 and 96 percent efficiency.
Third, a MPPT solar charge controller contains many safety features to prolong the life of a battery and prevent it from posing a fire hazard. Such precautions include...
* Deep Discharge Protection: Draining a battery 100% every time can drastically reduce its operational lifespan. A MPPT solar controller shuts off a battery when it is mostly discharged, but before it is completely expended.
* Reverse Polarity Protection: When a battery is incorrectly wired, it not only damages a battery, it can produce a fire hazard. A MPPT solar controller can detect reverse polarity-the positive wire is connected to the negative terminal and vice versa-in the wiring and shuts off flow of electricity to prevent fires and prevent damage to the battery.
* Short Circuit Protection: Any short circuit in an electrical system can damage equipment and risk starting fires. A MPPT solar charge controller can detect a short circuit and isolate the bad area from the rest of the system, protecting the equipment and reducing, if not eliminating, the potential fire hazard.
* Temperature Control: While discharging or recharging, a battery tends to heat up. Although it's rare, batteries have been known to heat up to the point of combustion. A MPPT solar controller monitors the temperature of the battery, and if the heat rises near dangerous levels, it can shut the battery off. High quality MPPT solar controllers can even continue to monitor the batteries temperature, and turn it back on once it has cooled back down to a safe degree.
Telemetry is the study and measurement of the transmission of data over certain mediums, such as telephones or computer networks. Communication channels are a major part of any telemetry system. Major applications of telemetry monitor include monitoring electric-power plants, remote meter reading, gathering meteorological data, logistics management, tracking endangered land and marine species, and monitoring manned and unmanned space flights.
Layers of labor costs can be eliminated with some applications providing additional cost savings. Even machines can be monitored at a distance and alerted when there are problems detected. When these systems are used for both control and telemetry data collection, the term supervisory control and data acquisition are applied. The usefulness of telemetry data in determining physiological and behavioral patterns of wild animals cannot be overemphasized. Telemetry helps scientists understand and identify the natural causes that are linked to habitat conditions of wild animals, which in turn alter their behavior, and how such conditions affect their mortality rates.
The contribution of telemetry to basic biological and medical research cannot be overstated. Discoveries made during manned space programs led to development of complex physiological monitoring and telemetry equipment, typically to gauge the health and well being of astronauts. These devices collect data on their patterns of movement, dispersion, and migrations. The daily positioning of these animals, coupled with continuous tracking gives an explicit representation of the way they utilize their habitat.
The list of potential applications of Telemetry GSM is practically endless. For instance, the Telemetry GSM modules are used in rail switching. The importance of telemetry to basic biological, environmental and medical research cannot be overstressed. Since the early 1970s, the use of telemetry to provide real time physiological monitoring in coronary care units has become widely recognized. Major applications of telemetry monitor include monitoring electric-power plants, remote meter reading, gathering meteorological data, logistics management, tracking endangered land and marine species, and monitoring manned and unmanned space flights. Telemetry monitor technology is expected to replace bar coding when the price point reaches an affordable level.
Layers of labor costs can be eliminated with some applications providing additional cost savings. Even machines can be monitored at a distance and alerted when there are problems detected. For example, a toner in a printer can be remotely monitored and the suppliers notified to place an order without the intervention of a human. Biomedical telemetry or biotelemetry provides a means for transmitting physiological or biological information
As our knowledge grows so great that an Eyclopedia now must have 30 plus volumes, as our understanding of the planet around the us expands, all the while the need for electrical sources also expense, most universally in the form of the battery. Most applications from batteries are for smaller less important items such as a Walkman, CD player, and such. It seems in today's economy, that the battery is an all important item. Everywhere you look you will find an item that requires a battery to run it. If the device does not require battery, and it usually runs off of the local power grid.
There are certain instances when the power must remain on at all times. This is best known in the world of computers. This can be illustrated with hospitals and their need for power also. In the course of an operation for instance, surgeons cannot afford to have the lights go out and have a blackout. These are much more in work and applications of the batteries handy power grids. With the power grid, you never know when it will fail, but rest assured, it will fail.
While many of these things are supplied electricity from the city power grid should the power suddenly died, UPS replacement batteries will sidestep the problem by supplying the needed energy. This type of battery which stands for uninterruptible power supply is a system that ensures not only that hospitals always have backup power, but so much with such essential features as the computers that aid in national defense and communications devices in times of natural disaster.
When UPS batteries are no longer functional they can just be replaced. The reason for recycling these batteries is twofold: safety and sound economics. First the removal of a UPS system can be dangerous in involves a proper venting of dangerous gases that can lead to cancer eye irritation even explosion. For this reason is up to the trained professionals to enact the removal.
There are many dangers involved and replacing UPS batteries. They must be properly disposed of, to be environmentally safe. The removal of UPS batteries for replacement involves the proper venting of dangerous gases that can lead to cancer eye irritation even explosion. For this reason is that trained professionals to enact the removal.
Lastly, such recycling results in a return a profit as the lead and other materials can be reused in battery making and other, non-battery applications, thus helping the environment again by recycling, and also filling one's pocketbook a bit.